Viele übersetzte Beispielsätze mit "feline cat" – Deutsch-Englisch Wörterbuch und Suchmaschine für Millionen von Deutsch-Übersetzungen. His feline voice was so sweet and high, so innocent. Times, Sunday Times (). Really good for a precise, solid feline flick. Übersetzung im Kontext von „feline“ in Englisch-Deutsch von Reverso Context: Devilish Cat This insatiable feline eats everything she sees.
Englisch-Deutsch Übersetzung für "feline"Übersetzung für 'feline' im kostenlosen Englisch-Deutsch Wörterbuch von LANGENSCHEIDT – mit Beispielen, Synonymen und Aussprache. Übersetzung im Kontext von „feline“ in Englisch-Deutsch von Reverso Context: Devilish Cat This insatiable feline eats everything she sees. Viele übersetzte Beispielsätze mit "feline" – Deutsch-Englisch Wörterbuch und Suchmaschine für Millionen von Deutsch-Übersetzungen.
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The clinical manifestations of FPLV are variable based on the dose of the virus, the age of the cat, potential breed predispositions, and prior immunity from maternal antibodies, previous exposure, or vaccination.
Clinical signs usually develop in 4—6 days after exposure, but can show in 2—14 days. Clinical laboratory findings include but are not limited to :  .
Other signs include: fever, loss of skin elasticity due to dehydration, abdominal pain, sternal recumbency with splayed legs and head droop, nasal discharge and conjunctivitis.
Infection in pregnant cats can result in fetal resorption , mummification, abortion, or stillbirth of neonates.
A presumptive clinical diagnosis of FPLV can be made for kittens with appropriate signalment, history, clinical findings and the history of no prior vaccination.
The clinical diagnosis is usually supported by documenting parvovirus antigen in feces by ELISA enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay and PCR polymerase chain reaction assays.
The availability of validated assays varies by country but is becoming more common. These are only approved and licensed for detecting canine parvovirus , but it is generally known that they also detect FPL viral antigen in feline feces.
These tests are used extra-label because they allow rapid, inexpensive, in-house detection of the virus. In an unvaccinated cat, the presence of antibodies against FPV indicates that the cat either has the disease or has had the disease in the past.
Elevated IgM titers or greater indicate active infection and if clinical signs are obvious diarrhea, panleukopenia the prognosis is poor.
Elevated IgG titers or greater in a cat with clinical signs indicates a better prognosis. Differential diagnoses include salmonellosis , enteric toxins, feline immunodeficiency virus FIV , feline leukemia virus FeLV , cryptosporidiosis , pancreatitis , septicaemia with acute endotoxemia , toxoplasmosis , peritonitis , and lymphoma.
To contain the virus, cats with suspected or diagnosed FPLV should be kept in isolation. It requires immediate, aggressive treatment if the cat is to survive, as it can be fatal in less than 24 hours.
Several articles and publications provide guidance for rescuers and veterinarians for optimizing outcomes. Treatment involves: . Feeding should be continued as long as possible.
In a disease outbreak, unvaccinated kittens or adults can be given anti-FPV serum containing FPV antibodies injected subcutaneously or intraperitoneal.
This may provide protection for 2—4 weeks. Several studies have shown feline recombinant interferon-omega is effective in the treatment of parvoviral enteritis in dogs   and also inhibits replication of FPV in cell culture.
So far no data are available on its efficacy in FPV-infected cats. Cats typically die due to complications associated with sepsis, dehydration, and disseminated intravascular coagulopathy DIC.
In , a retrospective study of infected cats showed that "leukocyte and thrombocyte counts as well as serum albumin and potassium concentrations at presentation are prognostic indicators in cats with panleukopenia, whereas vaccination status, age, clinical signs, and housing conditions are not.
Lifelong immunity is thought to follow recovery from disease, and a carrier state of the disease has never been identified.
Cats with suspected or diagnosed FPLV should be kept in isolation. A vaccine is available, although its efficacy remains uncertain.
Cats will test positive for FIV antibodies after vaccination. Yamamoto at the UC Davis School of Veterinary Medicine in a colony of cats that had a high prevalence of opportunistic infections and degenerative conditions and was originally called Feline T-lymphotropic virus.
FIV is transmitted primarily through deep bite wounds, where the virus present in the infected cat's saliva enters the body tissues of another cat.
A vigilant pet owner who treats secondary infections can allow an infected cat to live a reasonably long life. The chance that an FIV-infected cat will pass the virus to other cats within a household is low, unless there is fighting between cats, or wounds present that could allow entry of the virus from infected to non-infected cat.
Newborn kittens may test positive for up to six months and most thereafter will gradually test negative. It is thought that this is due to antibodies transferred to the kittens via the mother's milk.
However these antibodies are transient so subsequent testing will be negative. Once they have received vaccinations against FIV, they will, in the future, always test positive, as the various blood tests detect and show the antibodies that have developed in response to the vaccination.
FIV is known in other feline species, and in fact is endemic in some large wild cats, such as African lions. Consensus in the United States on whether there is a need to euthanize FIV-infected cats has not been established.
The virus gains entry to the host's cells through the interaction of the envelope glycoproteins from the glycoprotein env of the virus and the target cells' surface receptors.
First, the SU glycoprotein binds to CD, a receptor on the host cell. Once integrated into the host cell's genome, the virus can lay dormant in the asymptomatic stage for extended periods of time without being detected by the immune system or can cause lysis of the cell.
CD is predominantly found on activated T cells and binds to OX40 ligand, causing T-cell stimulation, proliferation, activation, and apoptosis 3.
This leads to a significant drop in cells that have critical roles in the immune system. The primary mode of transmission is via deep bite wounds, in which the infected cat's saliva enters the other cat's tissues.
FIV may also be transmitted from pregnant females to their offspring in utero; however, this vertical transmission is considered to be relatively rare, based on the small number of FIV-infected kittens and adolescents.
Risk factors for infection include male sex, adulthood, and outdoor access. Higher rates of infection in males than females occurs due to biting being more frequently engaged in by males defending their territory.
The initial stage, or acute phase, is accompanied by mild symptoms such as lethargy , anorexia , fever , and lymphadenopathy.
All are now designated as members of the species Carnivore protoparvovirus 1. FPV can cause disease in all felids and in some members of related families eg, raccoon, mink , but it does not harm canids.
Conversely, some currently circulating CPV strains CPV-2a, -2b, and -2c have been shown to cause feline panleukopenia in domestic cats and larger felids.
Virus particles are abundant in all secretions and excretions during the acute phase of illness and can be shed in the feces of survivors for as long as 6 weeks after recovery.
Being highly resistant to inactivation, parvoviruses can be transported long distances via fomites eg, shoes, clothing.
Peroxygen disinfectants eg, potassium peroxymonosulfate are also highly effective. It is important that contaminated surfaces are thoroughly cleaned of organic material before disinfectants are applied.
Cats are infected oronasally by exposure to infected animals, their feces, secretions, or contaminated fomites. Most free-roaming cats are thought to be exposed to the virus during their first year of life.
Those that develop subclinical infection or survive acute illness mount a robust, long-lasting, protective immune response.
FPV infects and destroys actively dividing cells in bone marrow, lymphoid tissues, intestinal epithelium, and—in very young animals—cerebellum and retina.
In pregnant queens, the virus may spread transplacentally to cause embryonic resorption, fetal mummification, abortion, or stillbirth.
Alternatively, infection of kittens in the perinatal period may destroy the germinal epithelium of the cerebellum, leading to cerebellar hypoplasia, incoordination, and tremor.
FPV-induced cerebellar ataxia has become a relatively rare diagnosis, because most queens passively transfer sufficient antibodies to their kittens to protect them during the early period of susceptibility.
Most feline panleukopenia infections are subclinical, as evidenced by the high seroprevalence of anti-FPV antibodies among unvaccinated, healthy cats.
Peracute cases may die suddenly with little or no warning fading kittens. Vomiting usually develops 1—2 days after the onset of fever; it is typically bilious and unrelated to eating.
Hypersalivation may be seen in some cases, associated with nausea or abdominal pain. Diarrhea may begin a little later than the vomiting but is not always present.
Extreme dehydration develops rapidly. Affected cats may sit for hours at their water bowl, although they may not drink much.
Terminal cases are hypothermic and may develop septic shock and disseminated intravascular coagulation. Physical examination typically reveals profound depression, dehydration, and sometimes abdominal pain.
Abdominal palpation—which can induce immediate vomiting—may reveal thickened intestinal loops and enlarged mesenteric lymph nodes.
In cases of cerebellar hypoplasia, ataxia and tremors with normal mentation are seen. Retinal lesions, if present, appear as discrete gray foci.
There are typically few gross lesions due to feline panleukopenia, although dehydration is usually marked. Bowel loops may be segmentally dilated and may have thickened, hyperemic walls.
There may be petechiae or ecchymoses on the intestinal serosal surfaces. Perinatally infected kittens may have a noticeably small cerebellum.
Histologically, the intestinal crypts are usually dilated and contain debris consisting of sloughed, necrotic, epithelial cells.
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Image credits. Word of the Day bouldering. Read More. New Words super pea.Merck Veterinary Manual. Excellent vaccines Casino Coupons No Deposit available for prevention. Elevated IgM titers or greater indicate active infection and if clinical GlГјcksspirale Gewinnzahlen Aktuell are obvious diarrhea, panleukopenia the prognosis is poor. The infection is highly contagious among unvaccinated cats. The two viruses are also quite different genetically, and their protein coats differ in size and Auto Simulator Download. Treatment of dogs naturally infected with canine parvovirus with lyophilized canine IgG. The virion has a diameter from Unibet Erfahrungen to nanometers and is pleomorphic. The sensitivity is moderate, and specificity is high. Feline panleukopenia is a parvoviral infectious disease of kittens typically characterized by depression, anorexia, high fever, vomiting, diarrhea, and consequent severe dehydration. Parenteral nutrition is indicated only for the most severely affected cases, and its use should not delay vigorous attempts to start enteral Apl Online Poker. Save Equipment. Because FIP is an immune-mediated Winario.De Erfahrungentreatment falls into two categories: direct action against the virus itself and modulation of the immune response. Diagnosis of the effusive form of the disease has become more straightforward in recent years. Find Local Store. A film titled Aerisby Paul Castro Jr. Katze f. Norwegisch Wörterbücher. Devilish Cat This insatiable feline eats everything she sees. Feline immunodeficiency virus (FIV) is a Lentivirus that affects cats worldwide, with % to % of felines being infected. FIV differs taxonomically from two other feline retroviruses, feline leukemia virus (FeLV) and feline foamy virus (FFV), and is more closely related to human immunodeficiency virus ().Within FIV, five subtypes have been identified based on nucleotide sequence Family: Retroviridae. Feline Silver Sword. At the ruins of Est Tayiar in the eastern part of Velen, descend through the large hole in the ground to the tunnel ha-hawaii.com your right is a wall that can be destroyed with. Feline panleukopenia virus (FPLV) is a species of parvovirus that can infect all wild and domestic members of the felid (cat) family worldwide. It is a highly contagious, severe infection that causes gastrointestinal, immune system, and nervous system disease. Englisch-Deutsch-Übersetzungen für feline im Online-Wörterbuch ha-hawaii.com (Deutschwörterbuch). Lernen Sie die Übersetzung für 'feline' in LEOs Englisch ⇔ Deutsch Wörterbuch. Mit Flexionstabellen der verschiedenen Fälle und Zeiten ✓ Aussprache und. Übersetzung für 'feline' im kostenlosen Englisch-Deutsch Wörterbuch von LANGENSCHEIDT – mit Beispielen, Synonymen und Aussprache. Übersetzung Englisch-Deutsch für feline im PONS Online-Wörterbuch nachschlagen! Gratis Vokabeltrainer, Verbtabellen, Aussprachefunktion.